Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from radiation or chemotherapy.
A condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells. This may be due to bleeding or lack of blood production by the bone marrow. Symptoms include tiredness, shortness of breath and weakness.
Drugs that are taken to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting.
An accumulation of fluid within the abdomen that can occur in women with noncancerous conditions and with different types of cancer.
A surgery performed to remove tissue for examination to determine if cancer is present.
A blood protein that can be measured and is an important tumor marker in ovarian cancer.
Any group of diseases whose symptoms are due to the unrestrained growth of cells in one of the body organs or tissues.
Substances known to cause, and/or promote the growth of cancer.
Cancer that begins in the internal tissues.
CBC (Complete Blood Count)
A series of tests made on a blood sample, including red and white blood cell and platelet counts, hemoglobin and cell volume measurement.
The treatment of cancer by chemicals (drugs) designed to destroy cancer cells or stop them from growing.
CT or CAT Scan (Computerized Axial Tomography)
A diagnostic procedure that combines an x-ray with a computer to produce highly-detailed cross-sectional, three-dimensional pictures of the entire body. These tests are generally 100 times more sensitive than x-rays.
A fluid-filled sac.
The act of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.
Swelling due to the accumulation of lymphatic fluid within the tissues.
Type of tissue lining the skin and hollow organs.
Female sex hormone secreted primarily by the ovaries, responsible for secondary sex characteristics such as the growth of breasts.
Estrogen Receptor Test
A test done during the biopsy of cancerous tissue to determine if its growth depends on estrogen.
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating cancers of a woman’s reproductive organs.
A physician (internist) who specializes in blood diseases.
Naturally occurring substances that are released by the endocrine organs and circulated in the blood. Hormones control growth, metabolism, reproduction and other functions.
Surgical removal of the uterus.
Slow intravenous delivery (“drip”) of a drug or fluids directly into a vein.
Situated within or administered by entering the peritoneum, the serous (protein) membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and folds inward to enclose the viscera.
Administration of drugs or fluids directly into a vein.
A vertical (up and down) incision in the abdomen. The incision is large enough for the surgeon to look inside the body and remove cancerous tissue.
When a fiber optic device is inserted into the abdominal cavity to view organs or perform a procedure.
A term used to describe a cancerous tumor.
The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another.
MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
A sophisticated technique to examine the body using powerful electromagnets, radio frequency waves and a computer to produce internal pictures of the body.
A physician who specializes in cancer therapy and general medical problems that arise during the disease.
A possible side effect of chemotherapy that affects the nervous system. Symptoms include tingling, burning, weakness or numbness of the hands or feet.
A statement about the likely outcome of disease in a particular patient.
A formalized plan for treatment.
Reappearance of cancer.
A temporary or permanent stage when cancer is not active and symptoms disappear.
A study using x-rays to produce images of internal body organs.
The stages that describe how far a cancer has progressed, based on the size of the primary tumor and on whether and where it has spread.
An abnormally low number of platelets due to disease, reaction to a drug, or toxic reaction to treatments.
The administration of donated blood.
A lump, mass or swelling that is either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).